Emily Oster

13 min Read Emily Oster

Emily Oster

Your Sex Lives After Kids

What our survey revealed

Emily Oster

13 min Read

Several weeks ago I asked you all to respond to a short survey on your post-having-children sex lives. We got more than 26,000 responses, which was pretty amazing. Thank you for sharing. Today I’m reporting out. I’ll go through the data first and then have some resources at the end.

Before getting into it, though, I think it is important to talk about the value of surfacing data like this. One reason is to think about a range in the data. We often see discussions of averages: the average couple resumes sex six weeks after childbirth. That may be true, but seeing only that one number can trigger a feeling that one must do that or in some way be faulty. In these data, it is true that the average person reports resuming sex between 6 and 12 weeks, but there is a broad range — 30% saying between three and six months, 10% more than six months, and a sizable share saying they have not resumed sex.

A second reason to surface these data is to prompt discussion. A pretty large share of the people who responded here are not thrilled with their sex life. Some of this may be intractable, but I suspect there is room for improvement. We get into this more in the resources below, but a first step to making changes may simply be talking about it with your partner. If this piece, these data, are an opening, then excellent.

Having said all this: for some people, this isn’t going to be useful. Even when we see ranges, there are end points of the range, and if this is the group you’re in, it could make you feel worse rather than better. Which is never my intention. So be careful with yourself, and if this doesn’t feel like something you want to read now, skip it. I’ll be back Thursday with a discussion of some panic headlines.

Now, to the data.

Who responded?

There were 26,136 respondents; they were recruited through this newsletter, Instagram, and (thank you, Kevin) The New Fatherhood newsletter.

Perhaps unsurprisingly, most of the respondents identified as women (94%, with 5% men and 0.3% identifying in another way). Eighty-three percent were in the age range from 30 to 39, and most had small children (93% with children under 5).

You were mostly married (96%) and mostly identified as heterosexual (95%). Finally, 44% were pregnant or breastfeeding.

How much sex are people having?

The first sex questions in the survey focused on how much sex people were having now. I went with categories: daily, 3-4 times a week, 1-2 times a week, etc., up to “Never.” Getting precise data about this is a challenge. A few people pointed out that we didn’t exactly cover all the possible combinations — if you had sex an average of every other month, it wasn’t quite in a category — and that sex lives vary over time. But from these data I’d argue we get a sense of what is going on.

The most popular responses: 1 to 2 times per week (30% of people) and 1 to 2 times per month (44.5% of people). But there was a wide range — 0.15% reported they have sex every day, and 3.5% of respondents said they never did.

There was very significant variation by child age. In the graph below, I show the distribution of sex frequency for people with children under 1, ages 1-4, and ages 5 and up. As children age, the frequency of parents’ sex goes up (on average). For example: 6.8% of those with kids 5 and up have sex either daily or 3 to 4 times a week, versus only 2% of those with kids under 1. On the other side, those with older children are less likely to say they never have sex.

What else matters for sex frequency? What about things like parental age or sexual orientation?

To more easily summarize, I aggregated the data a bit. In particular, I divided people into two groups — those who had sex at least weekly (the first three groups in the graph above) and those who reported less than weekly. We can then ask: What makes people more likely to be in the “more frequent sex” group?

Some variation is unsurprising. Those who are married are about 4 percentage points more likely to have sex more frequently; those who are pregnant or breastfeeding, about 7 points less likely.

Most interesting (and complicated) is parental age. On average, what we see in the data is that holding constant child age, older parents have less sex. On the other hand, holding constant parent age, people with older children have more sex. And since older people tend to have older children, these fight against each other in the data.

When we look overall across parental age, those under 30 are most likely to have weekly sex (50% of them do), followed by those 30-34 (37%). Among those over 35, about 30% report at least weekly sex (and there is not much variation across age among those over 35).

But this doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll have less sex as you age, because your kids are aging too. For example: in the data, those in the 35-39 range with kids over 5 are actually more likely to have weekly sex than those 30-34 with a child age 2-4. The adult age decline is trumped by the child age increase.

Another way to see this is to think about a hypothetical (representative) couple who had a child at 33. Based on the data, they would have a 27%-28% chance of having weekly sex in the first six months of their child’s life; this would rise to 33% in months 7 to 12. They would then stay at this rate until the child was 2. But then we would predict the frequency to rise to about 43% when a child was over 5.

Unsurprisingly, more or less everyone says they had more sex before kids. About 50% say it was a little more, and 38% say it was a lot more. Only 2.4% of people said they had less sex before children.

Are you satisfied?

The second set of questions I asked were about satisfaction, both whether people thought they were having enough sex, and their satisfaction with their sex life on a scale of 1 to 10.

First answer: no, most people do not think they are having enough sex.

Below is a graph, by sex frequency, of the share of respondents who say that they are having either “somewhat too little” or “way too little” sex. These figures hover around 85% to 90% for all groups with a frequency lower than weekly.

The one strong predictor of satisfaction with amount of sex is gender. Men are about 16 percentage points more likely to say they feel there is too little sex — again, holding constant the amount of sex. Interestingly, this difference is largest in the people having sex 1 to 2 times a week. In that group, 64% of men and 36% of women say it’s too little. In contrast, among those having sex 1 to 2 times per month, 82% of women and 93% of men say it’s too little: still a difference, but smaller. The only place we see no difference is in the tiny share of people who are having sex daily. Everyone thinks that’s enough.

Most other variables in the data do not correlate strongly with this share, conditional on frequency. Older people are slightly less likely to say they have too little sex; child age doesn’t matter much, nor does marital status or sexual orientation.

What about satisfaction? I asked people a pretty open-ended question — On the whole, how satisfied are you with your current sex life? The scale was 1 to 10.

The average person in the survey gave their sex life a 5.5. Perhaps unsurprisingly, satisfaction and sex amount were related. The graph below divides people into three groups based on their sex frequency and shows the distribution of satisfaction. We can see that the people with more frequent sex are most likely to report high satisfaction — in the 7 to 9 range. Those who have less frequent sex are more likely to report the lowest satisfaction numbers.

Satisfaction is, however, more complex than frequency. It’s also related to whether you think you are having enough sex. But both matter independently: even among people who say their amount is about right, there is still a gradient where more sex is associated with more satisfaction.

It’s unclear in all of this which direction the causality goes — do you have sex more because you like it, or is the quantity what is delivering the satisfaction?

And beyond that, satisfaction with sex is a rich tapestry. I loved all your comments, but one that stuck with me was from someone who said they felt they had “somewhat too little” sex but gave their sex life a 10 on satisfaction. She said:

When I say that the frequency of sex is “somewhat too little,” I mostly mean that the time we have for sex is too little — the frequency is about right, but it’s often a quickie in the shower or before kids wake up. I say I am “completely satisfied” with the current situation because we know it is not forever — we hope to be married a long time, and in the course of a long marriage, 10-ish years when we mostly have good-but-quick sex is not much to complain about! But I do look forward to a point in the future when we can have occasional sexual encounters over a period of hours rather than minutes, like we did before kids (massage, make out, sex, nap, snack, more sex, etc.). But I don’t have “hours” for anything leisurely in my life right now, and that is okay! Kids teach us that nothing is forever and that life has seasons. This season is full of a lot of joy, caregiving, and baby snuggles and less full of adult snuggles, and my husband and I are satisfied with that.

Your comments

There were a lot of comments. Thousands and thousands.

A lot of them were tired, and a little sad and frustrated.

I want to want to have sex. I love my partner and want to want him the way I did when we were younger, but I’m just so tired. 

It’s not that the sex is bad or that I don’t love my spouse as much…it’s that we’re both just so tired all the time that the sex is very…bland?…and feels like something we do quickly just for basic maintenance while the kids are temporarily asleep. The best analogy I can think of is forcing yourself to eat because you know you should, even though you’re not actually very hungry. 

Many readers discussed pain during sex.

Would love to have sex more again, but it’s extremely painful and I’m exhausted. I hate feeling like I’m letting my husband down by not investing in that part of our life right now, but I feel like my body 100% revolves around feeding my baby and it’s hard to make an effort to have sex more often when I know it’s so painful every time now. 

When will sex feel good again? (Baby is 4.5 months, and it’s still painful down there.) 

Some acknowledged a new reality, but without unhappiness.

Had sex once during pregnancy, I think second trimester, and still have not thought about it post-child, but both my husband and I are fine with it! Honestly not sure when we’ll start again; in this brave new baby-filled world, I can picture about a week into the future and never much further than that.

There were some solutions-based comments:

Recently we’ve decided to try to have sex every day as our default. We don’t actually do so, but expecting that we will/might means we have a lot more sex, which we’re both happy about.

We’re both so tired, but when we do it we’re always like — man, that’s great! We should do that more! We were morning-sex people, and that’s truly impossible with a toddler, so now we’re sex-during-weekend-nap-time people.

And then there was some hope, especially from people a little further out from delivery.

I was so nervous that it would be different after the baby — my body was/is so different — that it was a year before we finally had sex. But it isn’t! Over 15 years, our sex life has ebbed and flowed, and we are in a great place 1.5 years after baby — maybe one of the best.

Where to go from here

After I put out the survey, someone wrote to me to say that after she and her partner did the survey, they got to talking about it and then that day they had sex twice.

Now, I am not necessarily guaranteeing that kind of result. But I wonder if this is an opportunity for conversation. So many of the comments I read, and so much of what I see in these data, is that people — men and women! — would like to have sex more regularly. Getting there is hard, but I think it might be possible (at least sometimes). Maybe talking about the data could help.

And if you need a little more help — if graphs and charts do not quite do it — I reached out to two other amazing people for resources: Dr. Sara Reardon and Vanessa Marin. (And fun fact: they both suggested the same book!)

Sara (aka The Vagina Whisperer on Instagram) is a board-certified pelvic floor physical therapist and founder of The Vagina Whisperer, an online platform for pelvic floor education and exercise.

  • Top 5 reasons sex is painful. Most postpartum moms do experience some discomfort the first time they return to sex after childbirth. There are several reasons this may occur.
  • Tips to help if sex is painful. If you are experiencing discomfort or pain with intercourse, although it may be common, this is not “normal” and there are absolutely things to help.
  • 4 signs of pelvic floor muscle tension and 8 tips to relax down there. Check out my free guide on if you are wondering if tense pelvic floor muscles or perineal scar tissue are contributing to pain with sex.
  • Come as You Are by Emily Nagoski. It’s definitely not just physical roadblocks that can contribute to not wanting to have sex after having kids. So much of it can be a mix of mental, emotional, and physical factors. This book was a great resource for me after having my second son. It really normalized my experience of low desire as a mom and provided practical strategies to help increase my desire and reduce the barriers that were contributing.

Vanessa is a licensed psychotherapist with 20 years of experience in the sex therapy field and the co-author of Sex Talks: The Five Conversations That Will Transform Your Love Life.

  • Sex Talks. In the book, we talk about the ways that becoming parents can alter your sex life, and cover hot-button issues like mental load and feeling touched-out.
  • Rediscovering Intimacy and Sex for Parents. Our comprehensive online course quickly and conveniently walks you through creating the sex life you’ve always wanted.
  • Sex Positive Families Instagram account. One of my favorite resources for learning how to talk to your kids about sex.
  • Come as You Are by Emily Nagoski. Required reading for any mom.

Thanks for reading!

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Milestones. We celebrate them in pregnancy, in parenting, and they’re a fun thing to celebrate at work too. Just a couple years ago I couldn’t have foreseen what this community would grow into. Today, there are over 400,000 of you here—asking questions, making others feel seen wherever they may be in their journey, and sharing information that supports data > panic. 

It has been a busy summer for the team at ParentData. I’d love to take a moment here to celebrate the 400k milestone. As I’ve said before, it’s more important than ever to put good data in the hands of parents. 

Share this post with a friend who could use a little more data, and a little less parenting overwhelm. 

📷 Me and my oldest, collaborating on “Expecting Better”

Milestones. We celebrate them in pregnancy, in parenting, and they’re a fun thing to celebrate at work too. Just a couple years ago I couldn’t have foreseen what this community would grow into. Today, there are over 400,000 of you here—asking questions, making others feel seen wherever they may be in their journey, and sharing information that supports data > panic.

It has been a busy summer for the team at ParentData. I’d love to take a moment here to celebrate the 400k milestone. As I’ve said before, it’s more important than ever to put good data in the hands of parents.

Share this post with a friend who could use a little more data, and a little less parenting overwhelm.

📷 Me and my oldest, collaborating on “Expecting Better”
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I spend a lot of time talking people down after they read the latest panic headline. In most cases, these articles create an unnecessary amount of stress around pregnancy and parenting. This is my pro tip for understanding whether the risk presented is something you should really be worrying about.

Comment “link” for an article with other tools to help you navigate risk and uncertainty.

#emilyoster #parentdata #riskmanagement #parentstruggles #parentingstruggles

I spend a lot of time talking people down after they read the latest panic headline. In most cases, these articles create an unnecessary amount of stress around pregnancy and parenting. This is my pro tip for understanding whether the risk presented is something you should really be worrying about.

Comment “link” for an article with other tools to help you navigate risk and uncertainty.

#emilyoster #parentdata #riskmanagement #parentstruggles #parentingstruggles
...

Here’s why I think you don’t have to throw away your baby bottles.

Here’s why I think you don’t have to throw away your baby bottles. ...

Drop your toddlers favorite thing right now in the comments—then grab some popcorn.

Original thread source: Reddit @croc_docs

Drop your toddlers favorite thing right now in the comments—then grab some popcorn.

Original thread source: Reddit @croc_docs
...

Just keep wiping.

Just keep wiping. ...

Dr. Gillian Goddard sums up what she learned from the Hot Flash  S e x  Survey! Here are some key data takeaways:

🌶️ Among respondents, the most common s e x u a l frequency was 1 to 2 times per month, followed closely by 1 to 2 times per week
🌶️ 37% have found their sweet spot and are happy with the frequency of s e x they are having
🌶️ About 64% of respondents were very or somewhat satisfied with the quality of the s e x they are having

Do any of these findings surprise you? Let us know in the comments!

#hotflash #intimacy #midlifepleasure #parentdata #relationships

Dr. Gillian Goddard sums up what she learned from the Hot Flash S e x Survey! Here are some key data takeaways:

🌶️ Among respondents, the most common s e x u a l frequency was 1 to 2 times per month, followed closely by 1 to 2 times per week
🌶️ 37% have found their sweet spot and are happy with the frequency of s e x they are having
🌶️ About 64% of respondents were very or somewhat satisfied with the quality of the s e x they are having

Do any of these findings surprise you? Let us know in the comments!

#hotflash #intimacy #midlifepleasure #parentdata #relationships
...

Should your kid be in a car seat on the plane? The AAP recommends that you put kids under 40 pounds into a car seat on airplanes. However, airlines don’t require car seats.

Here’s what we know from a data standpoint:
✈️ The risk of injury to a child on a plane without a carseat is very small (about 1 in 250,000)
✈️ A JAMA Pediatrics paper estimates about 0.4 child air crash deaths per year might be prevented in the U.S. with car seats 
✈️ Cars are far more dangerous than airplanes! The same JAMA paper suggests that if 5% to 10% of families switched to driving, then we would expect more total deaths as a result of this policy. 

If you want to buy a seat for your lap infant, or bring a car seat for an older child, by all means do so! But the additional protection based on the numbers is extremely small.

#parentdata #emilyoster #flyingwithkids #flyingwithbaby #carseats #carseatsafety

Should your kid be in a car seat on the plane? The AAP recommends that you put kids under 40 pounds into a car seat on airplanes. However, airlines don’t require car seats.

Here’s what we know from a data standpoint:
✈️ The risk of injury to a child on a plane without a carseat is very small (about 1 in 250,000)
✈️ A JAMA Pediatrics paper estimates about 0.4 child air crash deaths per year might be prevented in the U.S. with car seats
✈️ Cars are far more dangerous than airplanes! The same JAMA paper suggests that if 5% to 10% of families switched to driving, then we would expect more total deaths as a result of this policy.

If you want to buy a seat for your lap infant, or bring a car seat for an older child, by all means do so! But the additional protection based on the numbers is extremely small.

#parentdata #emilyoster #flyingwithkids #flyingwithbaby #carseats #carseatsafety
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SLEEP DATA 💤 PART 2: Let’s talk about naps. Comment “Link” for an article on what we learned about daytime sleep!

The first three months of life are a chaotic combination of irregular napping, many naps, and a few brave or lucky souls who appear to have already arrived at a two-to-three nap schedule. Over the next few months, the naps consolidate to three and then to two. By the 10-to-12-month period, a very large share of kids are napping a consistent two naps per day. Over the period between 12 and 18 months, this shifts toward one nap. And then sometime in the range of 3 to 5 years, naps are dropped. What I think is perhaps most useful about this graph is it gives a lot of color to the average napping ages that we often hear. 

Note: Survey data came from the ParentData audience and users of the Nanit sleep monitor system. Both audiences skew higher-education and higher-income than the average, and mostly have younger children. The final sample is 14,919 children. For more insights on our respondents, read the full article.

SLEEP DATA 💤 PART 2: Let’s talk about naps. Comment “Link” for an article on what we learned about daytime sleep!

The first three months of life are a chaotic combination of irregular napping, many naps, and a few brave or lucky souls who appear to have already arrived at a two-to-three nap schedule. Over the next few months, the naps consolidate to three and then to two. By the 10-to-12-month period, a very large share of kids are napping a consistent two naps per day. Over the period between 12 and 18 months, this shifts toward one nap. And then sometime in the range of 3 to 5 years, naps are dropped. What I think is perhaps most useful about this graph is it gives a lot of color to the average napping ages that we often hear.

Note: Survey data came from the ParentData audience and users of the Nanit sleep monitor system. Both audiences skew higher-education and higher-income than the average, and mostly have younger children. The final sample is 14,919 children. For more insights on our respondents, read the full article.
...

Happy Father’s Day to the Fathers and Father figures in our ParentData community! 

Tag a Dad who this holiday may be tricky for. We’re sending you love. 💛

Happy Father’s Day to the Fathers and Father figures in our ParentData community!

Tag a Dad who this holiday may be tricky for. We’re sending you love. 💛
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“Whilst googling things like ‘new dad sad’ and ‘why am I crying new dad,’ I came across an article written by a doctor who had trouble connecting with his second child. I read the symptoms and felt an odd sense of relief.” Today we’re bringing back an essay by Kevin Maguire of @newfatherhood about his experience with paternal postpartum depression. We need to demystify these issues in order to change things for the better. Comment “Link” for a DM to read his full essay.

#parentdata #postpartum #postpartumdepression #paternalmentalhealth #newparents #emilyoster

“Whilst googling things like ‘new dad sad’ and ‘why am I crying new dad,’ I came across an article written by a doctor who had trouble connecting with his second child. I read the symptoms and felt an odd sense of relief.” Today we’re bringing back an essay by Kevin Maguire of @newfatherhood about his experience with paternal postpartum depression. We need to demystify these issues in order to change things for the better. Comment “Link” for a DM to read his full essay.

#parentdata #postpartum #postpartumdepression #paternalmentalhealth #newparents #emilyoster
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What does the data say about children who look more like one parent? Do they also inherit more character traits and mannerisms from that parent? Let’s talk about it 🔎

#emilyoster #parentdata #parentingcommunity #lookslikedaddy #lookslikemommy

What does the data say about children who look more like one parent? Do they also inherit more character traits and mannerisms from that parent? Let’s talk about it 🔎

#emilyoster #parentdata #parentingcommunity #lookslikedaddy #lookslikemommy
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SLEEP DATA 💤 We asked you all about your kids’ sleep—and got nearly 15,000 survey responses to better understand kids’ sleep patterns. Comment “Link” for an article that breaks down our findings!

This graph shows sleeping location by age. You’ll notice that for the first three months, most kids are in their own sleeping location in a parent’s room. Then, over the first year, this switches toward their own room. As kids age, sharing a room with a sibling becomes more common. 

Head to the newsletter for more and stay tuned for part two next week on naps! 🌙

#parentdata #emilyoster #childsleep #babysleep #parentingcommunity

SLEEP DATA 💤 We asked you all about your kids’ sleep—and got nearly 15,000 survey responses to better understand kids’ sleep patterns. Comment “Link” for an article that breaks down our findings!

This graph shows sleeping location by age. You’ll notice that for the first three months, most kids are in their own sleeping location in a parent’s room. Then, over the first year, this switches toward their own room. As kids age, sharing a room with a sibling becomes more common.

Head to the newsletter for more and stay tuned for part two next week on naps! 🌙

#parentdata #emilyoster #childsleep #babysleep #parentingcommunity
...

Weekends are good for extra cups of ☕️ and listening to podcasts. I asked our team how they pod—most people said on walks or during chores. What about you?

Comment “Link” to subscribe to ParentData with Emily Oster, joined by some excellent guests.

#parentdata #parentdatapodcast #parentingpodcast #parentingtips #emilyoster

Weekends are good for extra cups of ☕️ and listening to podcasts. I asked our team how they pod—most people said on walks or during chores. What about you?

Comment “Link” to subscribe to ParentData with Emily Oster, joined by some excellent guests.

#parentdata #parentdatapodcast #parentingpodcast #parentingtips #emilyoster
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Humility. That’s why. That’s the whole reason.

#emilyoster #secondbaby #parentingjokes #parentinghumor

Humility. That’s why. That’s the whole reason.

#emilyoster #secondbaby #parentingjokes #parentinghumor
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Bug season is upon us. Besides annoyance, this can bring up safety concerns, particularly with ticks. They are carriers of diseases, most notably Lyme disease. So what’s the best course of action?

Prevention is key! I suggest:
⭐ Regular tick checks
⭐ Using bug sprays with DEET 
⭐ Wearing long sleeves and pants in the woods

Some parents worry about DEET, but repellants with up to 30% DEET are recommended by both the CDC and AAP. The data says you’re in the clear, so go for it. Enjoy your summer!

#parentdata #emilyoster #tickseason #bugbites #bugspray

Bug season is upon us. Besides annoyance, this can bring up safety concerns, particularly with ticks. They are carriers of diseases, most notably Lyme disease. So what’s the best course of action?

Prevention is key! I suggest:
⭐ Regular tick checks
⭐ Using bug sprays with DEET
⭐ Wearing long sleeves and pants in the woods

Some parents worry about DEET, but repellants with up to 30% DEET are recommended by both the CDC and AAP. The data says you’re in the clear, so go for it. Enjoy your summer!

#parentdata #emilyoster #tickseason #bugbites #bugspray
...